New Zealand's forests
Find out more about New Zealand’s planted production forests, including area, age class and species, as well as planting and harvesting statistics.
Updated April 2018
- New Zealand’s net stocked planted production forest covered an estimated 1.71 million hectares as at 1 April 2017.
- The total planted forest standing volume was estimated to be 519 million cubic metres with an average forest standing age (area weighted) of 17.38 years.
- The provisional new planting estimate for the year ending 31 December 2017 is 4,000 hectares. This number may be revised in the 2018 NEFD.
- Radiata pine is the dominant species in New Zealand, making up 90% of the planted production forest area.
This is crucial information for domestic and international climate change policy and ETS financial forecasting.
- Deforestation Intentions Survey 2017 [PDF, 421 KB]
- Deforestation Intentions Survey 2016 [PDF, 823 KB]
- Deforestation Intentions Survey 2015 [PDF, 269 KB]
- Deforestation Survey 2014 [PDF, 476 KB] [PDF, 246 KB]
- Deforestation Survey 2013 [PDF, 246 KB]
- Deforestation Survey 2012 [PDF, 153 KB]
- Deforestation Survey 2011 [PDF, 574 KB]
- Deforestation Survey 2010 [PDF, 111 KB]
- Deforestation Survey 2009 [PDF, 172 KB]
- Deforestation Survey 2008 [PDF, 161 KB]
- Deforestation Survey 2007 [PDF, 91 KB]
- Deforestation Survey 2006 [PDF, 79 KB]
Historical information is available on post-1989 forest land that has been registered, added and removed, and pre-1990 forest land that has been deforested each year under the Emissions Trading Scheme NZ ETS.
Download tables of forest land under the ETS [XLSX, 20 KB]
Note: Data may differ slightly from other reports due to land being transferred between parties. This data is a sum of all areas added and removed in a year, including areas removed and then added as part of a transmission of interest.
Post-1989 forest registered in the New Zealand ETS
In June 2018, around 50 percent of all post-1989 forest land was registered in the ETS.
Post-1989 forest land
Registered in the ETS
Not registered in the ETS
You may also find the Environmental Protection Authority’s ETS facts and figures report useful.
The 2017 National Exotic Forest Description (NEFD) provides a detailed description of New Zealand's planted production forest. This information is a useful starting point for investigating wood processing opportunities in New Zealand.
- 2017 NEFD Report [PDF, 2.7 MB]
Final tables as published in the 2017 NEFD
Excel versions of the tables are available.
- Download 2017 NEFD tables [XLSX, 117 KB]
The National Exotic Forest Description (NEFD) region yield tables give the forest industry and MPI the underlying data used to produce wood availability forecasts.
New Zealand's major forest owners and managers provided information to construct the yield tables which are part of the National Exotic Forest Description (NEFD) database.
The yield tables are a tabular representation of forest yield in cubic metres per hectare (m3/ha). The yield table is expressed in terms of total standing volume (TSV), total recoverable volume (TRV), and volumes of 3 generic log types, together with any production thinning volumes by age (1 to 40 years). There is a separate yield table for each crop type.
Radiata pine has 4 tending regimes:
|Radiata pine tending regime||R|
|Pruned without production thinning||I|
|Unpruned without production thinning||M|
|Pruned with production thinning||T|
|Unpruned with production thinning||Z|
Douglas-fir forest has 2 tending regimes:
|Douglas-fir tending regime||D|
|Without production thinning||M|
|With production thinning||Z|
For each crop type and regime, contributors were asked to provide separate yield tables based on when the stand was planted:
|Age of stands|
|Stands planted pre-1990||O|
|Stands planted post-1989||Y|
|Stands of all ages||A|
The Otago region has an additional 'year of planting' split:
|Otago radiata pine|
|Stands planted pre-1982||X|
|Stands planted between 1982 and 1989||O|
|Stands planted post-1989||Y|
|Stands of all ages||A|
Log type specifications
|Small end diameter|
|Log length (m)|
|*Sweep class||< 3.7||3.7 – 4.8||4.9 – 7.6||7.6 +|
- Northland [XLS, 110 KB]
- Auckland [XLS, 92 KB]
- Central North Island [XLS, 220 KB]
- East Coast [XLS, 89 KB]
- Hawke's Bay [XLS, 91 KB]
- Southern North Island East Coast [XLS, 94 KB]
- Southern North Island West Coast [XLS, 89 KB]
- Marlborough [XLS, 123 KB]
- Nelson [XLS, 123 KB]
- Canterbury [XLS, 95 KB]
- Otago [XLS, 165 KB]
- Southland [XLS, 149 KB]
Each spring, MPI does a survey of tree stock sales from commercial forestry nurseries. This information is then modelled to estimate:
- total sales
- plantings by species or species groups
- the total area planted.
The Provisional estimates of tree stocks sales and forest planting in 2017 report provides the provisional estimates of tree stocks sales and the areas of commercial forest planted in 2017. It also provides a tentative estimate of mānuka seedling sales and the area planted.
Regional and national wood availability forecasts are prepared regularly by the industry and MPI under the NEFD work programme. They apply a range of harvesting scenarios and other factors that show potential volumes of logs that may be harvested by large and small-scale forest owners over the next 30 years.
New Zealand wood availability forecasts 2014-2050 [PDF, 2.8 MB]
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